MARINA Good Practices and Lessons Learned
Good Practice/Lesson Learned
STRUCTURED DEMOCRATIC DIALOG
Workshop definition and execution
Defining Workshop Goal
Creating New Opportunities
Citizens and CSO's
Researchers and Scientists
Instrumental: Creating good relationships and building trust: "Network Building"
Substantive: Knowledge Mobilisation and Knowledge Sharing: "Making better decisions"
Normative: Democratic responsibility to engage citizens: "Creating new opportunities"
Stakeholder level of engagement
Co-creating a Vision
Co-Defining an Action Plan
Does not apply to any engagement
RRI Roadmap Milestone
Health, demografic change and wellbeing
Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine maritime and inland water research and bioeconomy
Secure, clean and efficient energy
Smart, green and integrated transport
Climate action, environment, resource and efficiency and raw materials
Europe in a changing world - inclusive, innovative and reflective societies
Secure societies - protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens
Value not available
Coastal Urbanisation including Ports
Deep Sea Mining
Energy (Wave, Wind, Tidal)
Marine Change due to Climate Change
Marine Pollution (Marine Litter, Microplastics, Water Pollution)
Deep sea mining including bio-prospecting
Pollution caused by human, land and sea pressures
Marine change caused by climate
Blue energy [Renewable energy (wave, wind, tidal)]
Maritime, coastal and cruise tourism
Fishing and aquaculture
Value not available
Good Practice: Realize a complete inventory of local skills needed for the topic of academic actors, start-ups or companies already established in the region.
Lesson learned: Make lists of actions and players, record skills, know-how and economic potential, identify best practices and make full use of them to put the chosen topic on the national agenda.
Lesson learned: Be careful of possible competition of other events happening as the same time in the same city or on the same topic.
Good Practice: Keep in mind the local context to answer local needs and specificities.
Lesson learned: Provide enough time for the presentation of science outcomes and sharing knowledge from research point of view.
Lesson learned: Use keynote speakers to introduce the topic for example specialists, but their speech must be in simple language and avoid using difficult terminology.
Lesson learned: Define the date, finalise the workshop topic and have communication material two months ahead.
Lesson learned: Focus the workshop and the RRI presentation on a topic relevant for the participants and related to their daily lives.
Lesson learned: Help participants become active in the workshop by helping them understand the importance of the Marine Hot Topic.
Good Practice: Develop messages that make the problem tangible for everybody for instance by translating facts and figures into something simple and impactful.
Lesson learned: Collaborate with your local partners, which can be great allies.
Lesson learned: ''Use role play and ''''Decide'''' game to integrate difficult concepts in workshop discussion. ''
Lesson learned: Adapt the workshop methodology to the local culture.
Good Practice: Create a relaxing but effective work experience and joint decision-making with the world caf? methodology
Lesson learned: Promote the involvement of public authorities on local, national and European levels.
Good Practice: Provide a good incentive and personal benefits to motivate people to attend the workshop(s) and processes.
Lesson learned: Remember that apart from being scientists, teachers, policy-makers, they are all citizens of coastal cities who want to care for the environment as a private person.
Lesson learned: Use common words so that non scientists participants can understand and contribute to the discussion without being overwhelmed by scientific language.
Lesson learned: ''Involve ''''Ambassadors'''' or '''' figures'''' at regional level (navigators, high level sportsman, known well-respected public figures of all kinds). ''
Lesson learned: Assign participants to a specific table according to gender, type of organization/institution, type of expertise in the field, main interest in general to ensure multidisciplinarity.
Lesson learned: Multiply events where researchers from academia and industry exchange with a broader community to enhance this community and its visibility.
Good Practice: Ensure a good representation of professionals (industry related to the topic, policy makers, journalists) to have a balanced dialogue.
Lesson learned: Ensure that participants can exchange knowledge and meet new people.
Lesson learned: Make an inventory of innovations and tools, and facilitate collaboration and networking for the development of biotechnologies in France.
Lesson learned: Empower European citizens, business representatives, researchers and policy makers to take informed decisions on the high seas through science education.
Lesson learned: Look for participants open to dialogue, but who don't usually interact with each other.
Good Practice: Send a personalised and direct (e-mail or telephone) invitation to ensure a better buy-in of targeted participants.
Lesson learned: Start with a roundtable process so that everybody know each-other, and everyone can share their personal perspective of the subject.
Good Practice: Ensure that all participants stay until the end of the workshop to have coherent results.
Good Practice: Ensure that all voices have an equal footing in the debate during the workshop.
Lesson learned: Prepare take home tools and methods that participants can implement in their jobs.
Good Practice: Request participants keep trying to think from other stakeholders' position.
Lesson learned: Empower all stakeholder groups to co-create sustainable value propositions that reflect societal needs and support healthy marine environments thanks to RRI dimensions.
Lesson learned: Do not interfere too much with the topics participants chose to focus on, it mostly depends on individual needs/experience and knowledge.
Lesson learned: Focus on the concept and its tools when explaining RRI to participants.
Lesson learned: Give participants more time to contribute to the ideas at other tables.
Lesson learned: Enable each group to take the floor to present their results.
Lesson learned: Provide a quality framework in which all stakeholders can work toward a solution thanks to a good governance.
Good Practice: Have participants rank the priorities and discuss from the highest to the lowest to co-construct a common vision.
Good Practice: Foster stakeholder engagement, capacity building, behavioural changes and production and consumption pattern shift with Science education.
Lesson learned: Encourage the production of socially and environmentally acceptable solutions and services with the science education of business and industry professionals.
Good Practice: Use the SMART action format to ease the follow up of the workshop.
Lesson learned: Follow up with the participants with periodic workshops using the same methodology.
Good Practice: Raise awareness among the general public to make informed choices and have an active social participation to further push the new initiatives.
Good Practice: Consider Governance as a common responsibility of citizens and decision makers.
Lesson learned: Exchange with star chefs on new products from the transformation of marine resources to provide the opportunity to make the audience aware a wider audience.
Good Practice: Facilitate collaboration between research and industry/market to create a dynamic knowledge-sharing mechanism.
Good Practice: Convince investors to facilitate the creation of a dynamic knowledge-sharing mechanism.
Good Practice: Focus on good enforcement of already existing legislation mechanisms rather than reinventing others from scratch and adjust legislation as necessary.
Lesson learned: Develop new tools and infrastructures of research on marine resources, particularly in inaccessible depths, but also for monitoring the marine environment, stocks of biomass or still unwanted algae
Good Practice: Use Open access to boost innovation and increase the use of scientific results by all societal actors as well as to develop public trust and engagement.
Good Practice: Consider the distinction between the actions of making information available and the actions of making the information understandable by its potential users when dealing with Open Access.
Lesson learned: Develop new collaborations for new means of communication.
Lesson learned: Get media cover and social media presence to influence policy and decision makers.
Lesson learned: Connect all stakeholders through education and communication.
Good Practice: Coordinate collaborative activities and tools to push RRI forward.
Good Practice: Train policymakers through communication tools and adapt legislation to facilitate the creation of a dynamic knowledge-sharing mechanism.
Lesson learned: Make the high seas more visible to all stakeholders, the benefits for all and the issues at stake.
Lesson learned: Make restaurants aware restaurants and the public about the potential offered by the blue biotechnologies.
Lesson learned: Share data for a better cooperation and public engagement on the high seas.
Lesson learned: Raise awareness and spread information about marine biotechnologies to the different groups of stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Put in place a multi-stakeholder dialogue to efficiently reduce plastic pollution.
Lesson learned: Foster collaboration among companies in the marine biotechnologies value chain and social and environmental actors
Lesson learned: Have business and industry professionals consider producing socially and environmentally acceptable marine bio-based goods and services.
Lesson learned: Plan what to do with buildings/installations which have been created while building wind farms.
Lesson learned: ''Develop a ''''Social and Solidarity Economy'''' type of framework in the field of marine biotechnologies. ''
Lesson learned: Raise awareness on aquaculture in the Azores.
Lesson learned: Promote education, training and more equal incomes for fishermen in the Azores.
Lesson learned: Consider opportunities of synergies between the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in the Azores.
Lesson learned: Beware that the high level of qualification needed in aquaculture and the small scale of the region market are two constraints of the synergies between the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in the Azores.
Lesson learned: Open university faculties, strongly connected with wind farms to help the sustainable development of renewable energy.
Lesson learned: Carry out studies on potential impact of the investment in offshore wind energy to develop them.
Lesson learned: Scale up research and bring responses to sustainable development of offshore wind farms with Science education.
Lesson learned: Educate children to environmental issues as well as renewable energy profits to create a new wiser society.
Lesson learned: Develop societal awareness about water and advantages of use of renewable energy sources in general and offshore wind farms in particular.
Lesson learned: Raise awareness of the general public on the environmental impact of offshore installations at all stages (building, exploitation, dismantling).
Lesson learned: Implement program of innovative research in relation to the effectiveness of the constructions of towers and generators to ensure sustainable development of renewable energy.
Lesson learned: Create of a one-stop shop for the Institute of blue bio-technologies with short and long-term strategies.
Lesson learned: Create an award for the best blue bio-technologies innovation or product to make maritime biotechnologies a sustainable economic opportunity.
Lesson learned: Organize of a marine biotechnology day at the regional level including different actors to make the general public aware on the marine biotechnology sector and its potential.
Lesson learned: Encourage scientists and NGO's to popularize the different aspects of marine biotechnology through science caf?, forums, open days etc.
Lesson learned: Start a survey to establish the relationship between local communities and the coastal areas and share results with politicians to put marine biotechnologies on the national agenda as an economic and sustainable opportunity.
Lesson learned: Start a regional programme and raise awareness of tourism actors to ensure that the general public becomes familiar with marine biotechnologies.
Lesson learned: Organise Open Days in companies to ensure that the general public becomes familiar with marine biotechnologies.
Lesson learned: ''Organise a European ''''Grenelle'''' of bioethics to do an inventory of knowledge, regulations and current projects and processes as well as to define indicators and good practices for the development of marine. biotech.''
Lesson learned: Put in place a certification label of projects to draw guidelines for the sustainable development of marine biotechnologies.
Lesson learned: Train educators and information relays on marine biotechnologies to develop them in the field of marine pollution.
Lesson learned: Involve senior/retired scientific experts to communicate on marine biotechnologies in layman's terms to ensure that the general public becomes familiar with the topic.
Lesson learned: Promote researchers qualifications to find new bio applications for products answering societal needs.
Lesson learned: Promote the reinforcement of policies and adoption of coherent legislative frameworks to develop marine biotechnology.
Lesson learned: Consider ethics when dealing with the legal frameworks to assure marine biotechnologies sustainability and social awareness.
Lesson learned: Establish policies that are favourable for ecological investments in sustainable development.
Lesson learned: Educate policy-makers to science to reinforce policies and adopt coherent legislative frameworks of economic competitiveness and sustainability of offshore wind energy.
Lesson learned: Develop new model of governance for marine biotechnology development including the engagement of the society.
Lesson learned: Coordinate and develop industrial, academic and political linkages to boost funding around marine biotechnologies.
Lesson learned: Train and convince policymakers, implementers, and investors to develop biotechnologies.
Lesson learned: Add marine biotechnologies in school programmes to ensure that the general public becomes familiar with marine biotechnologies.
Lesson learned: Build a network to report challenges to politicians to put marine biotechnologies on the national agenda as an economic and sustainable opportunity.
Lesson learned: Implement training and guidance for careers around marine biotechnologies to reduce marine pollution.
Lesson learned: Hook RRI abstract subjects to a topic related to participants lives and has interests in it.
Lesson learned: Collect and share information and good practices to raise awareness on marine biotech and to reduce marine pollution.
Lesson learned: Contact directly the person to recruit via e-mails or telephone.
Lesson learned: Recruit participants by telephone to ensure a great effectiveness of recruitment.
Lesson learned: Workshops may participants convince about RRI, but doesn't tend to help them in the concrete application of RRI in their daily work.
Lesson learned: Contribute with knowledge and conceptual frameworks that support interaction, collaboration and holistic recommendations based on research experience.
Lesson learned: Identify easy-to-implement solutions to attract people and harbour-related businesses in innovative harbour development.
Lesson learned: Push for broad vision for industrial harbour development by local governments inviting non-harbour stakeholders to contribute in new ways.
Lesson learned: Make regulations for developers and investors for securing more liveable areas in harbour transformations.
Lesson learned: Take into consideration new types of ownership forms in order to kick-start of development.
Good Practice: Use using storytelling to describe the challenge with clear and concrete examples.
Good Practice: Allocate sufficient time for discussions and to involve all participants interests and ideas.
Good Practice: Identify common working initiatives between municipalities and the civil societies, so that citizens may be actively involved.
Lesson learned: Engage all interested stakeholders in harbour development.
Good Practice: Develop sustainable and long-term solutions even if they do not entirely focus on technical and/or economic aspects, but add lifestyle qualities and/or facilities.
Lesson learned: Develop new methods of governance for engaging citizens through public awareness and politics.
Lesson learned: Develop case studies on how municipalities work with climate change projects and community driven innovation.
Lesson learned: Develop tools for engaging citizens in urban development and communicate them broadly to inspire local communities.
Lesson learned: Involve citizens in the political/technical systems.
Lesson learned: Create new models for evaluating risks and economic issues
Good Practice: Allocate time for every participant to present his/her own idea and to discuss it in plenum.
Lesson learned: Develop new models and ways of collaborating on climate change in order to create common knowledge and more awareness of climate change in public mind.
Lesson learned: Develop concrete examples that stakeholders can understand and get involved.
Lesson learned: Make the MARINA platform a case study platform where collaborative coastal climate solution projects are presented.
Lesson learned: Activate citizens as a resourceful group of action that could lead to a more innovative and including society.
Lesson learned: Use dialog for initiating collaboration among private landowners and municipalities.
Good Practice: Let different perspectives on the subject, which will lead to a common background for further discussion.
Good Practice: Allocate more time for group discussions during workshops.
Lesson learned: Address a specific subject that concerns multidisciplinary stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Adapt the workshop schedule and structure according to the specifics and program of the stakeholders you want to attend.
Lesson learned: Develop partnerships for science outreach actions.
Lesson learned: Improve science literacy and research applicability to increase awareness on the specific issue.
Lesson learned: Adapt local policies and strategies in order to be in agreement with research outcomes .
Lesson learned: Find moderators with experience on methods used for event moderation.
Lesson learned: Plan local actions in agreement with its local circumstances instead of promoting larger-scale policies.
Lesson learned: Include key local stakeholders in the planning and implementation of local strategies.
Lesson learned: Include more education aspects of citizenship, sustainability and ecology in schools.
Lesson learned: Organize more science dissemination events targeting the general public.
Lesson learned: Promote citizen science to involve the general public on research.
Lesson learned: Develop more partnerships with the Media and NGOs in order to reach bigger audiences.
Lesson learned: Develop and organize more actions, in order that different stakeholders meet and discuss their ideas more often and get used to think outside their boxes.
Lesson learned: Invite stakeholders to provide their feedback about workshop.
Lesson learned: Increase knowledge on deep sea minerals occurrences and their economic.
Lesson learned: Analyse the impact of plumes and waste produced by Deep Sea Mining exploitation.
Lesson learned: Try to develop stronger engagement among schools and the local authorities for the maintenance of basic infrastructure.
Lesson learned: Make environmental impact assessment mandatory for Deep Sea Mining within the EU.
Lesson learned: Support local and international decision-makers in charge of evaluating if, when, how, by who and for what should Deep Sea Mining ever take place.
Lesson learned: Oblige companies by contract to use 10% of their investment in an investigation in engineering design for mitigation of Deep Sea Mining during all the operation
Lesson learned: Work together (science, law, economics, policy) to give advice on seabed mining issues.
Lesson learned: Create an open access platform with all Deep Sea Mining data available including biological and geological information.
Lesson learned: Distinguish between occurrences and resources, in order to know what exists and its potential economic value.
Lesson learned: Educate children on the importance of biodiversity and how to think about the environment responsibly.
Lesson learned: Implement RRI in real situations, with many participants proposing many actions.
Lesson learned: Choose a suitable method for the number of participants and the specific of the workshop.
Lesson learned: Promote public engagement actions to raise awareness to the urgency of deep sea mapping.
Lesson learned: Increase awareness in the use of raw materials and their importance on our society.
Lesson learned: Bring researchers from ?non-conventional? areas related to Deep Sea Mining.
Lesson learned: Create an organized knowledge synthesis on Deep Sea Mining.
Good Practice: Adopt participative methods tested in MARINA in other initiatives including stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Invite additional stakeholders and communities to join the MARINA knowledge sharing platform and direct them to the results and materials related to Deep Sea Mining.
Lesson learned: Identify what are the society's perceptions and knowledge gaps for consideration in future planning of Deep Sea Mining research and innovation initiatives.
Lesson learned: Develop new capacities for studying and a performing monitoring.
Good Practice: Take actions in order to update the actual legislation.
Good Practice: ''Attract participants by?sending?invitations?via?e?mail,?followed?by?phone?calls.
Lesson learned: Present and explain the method used.
Lesson learned: Increase awareness regarding water quality.
Lesson learned: Create a common DATABASE ? for centralizing all the data and studies regarding biodiversity.
Lesson learned: Develop partnership between different stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Disseminate the results on MARINA platform
Lesson learned: Develop a network of common interest.
Lesson learned: Create links among participants for future partnerships and develop a network of common interest.
Lesson learned: Conduct studies of renewable energy on the Black Sea coastal area.
Lesson learned: Improve the legislative framework to encourage the capitalization process of renewable energy.
Lesson learned: Upgrade the transport infrastructure for renewable energy.
Lesson learned: Use public-private partnerships as a new economical instrument.
Lesson learned: ''Promote the meaning of the term ''''renewable energy systems''''.''
Lesson learned: Build a coastal protection system that can harness the wave energy.
Lesson learned: ''Develop educational programs to prepare specialists in the ''''renewable energy systems'''' field.''
Lesson learned: Raise public awareness regarding the benefits of renewable energy by promoting the renewable energy methods.
Lesson learned: Encouraged all the participants to work on all the solutions during the session.
Lesson learned: Use a method that encourages participants to work together in order to have an interactive group.
Good Practice: Attract different stakeholders in order to have a diversity and complementarity to obtain inputs as complete as possible.
Lesson learned: Try to approach of potential participants and their engagement in convergent discussions with the future topic of the event.
Good Practice: Have a discussion phase that is long enough for all participants to be fully aware of all the implications of the proposed ideas without extending the duration of the workshop.
Good Practice: Present the topic approached from the beginning of the workshop.
Lesson learned: Explain clearly the MARINA project goals .
Good Practice: Present the RRI concept with clear examples.
Lesson learned: Improve marine education provided in medium and higher education.
Good Practice: Offer a clear explanation of the methodology used to be as clear as possible to the participants.
Good Practice: Use methods for involving the active participation of the public by giving them the opportunity to express their opinions.
Lesson learned: Raise public awareness on the real problems.
Lesson learned: Mobilize stakeholders for active involvement.
Lesson learned: Promote the societal challenge as a hot topic and the workshop's results (media, partners, stakeholders, etc).
Lesson learned: Develop and implement awareness and educational campaigns and engage local communities.
Lesson learned: Provide as much information as possible to the subject before the workshop.
Lesson learned: Provide the results on MARINA platform.
Lesson learned: Offer open access to the specialized information and share knowledge.
Lesson learned: Send the final results of the workshop to the participants.
Lesson learned: Use funding programs dedicated to citizens, aimed at replacing old goods and polluting with new and environmentally friendly ones.
Lesson learned: Define and update the legislation to prevent climate changes for Black Sea area.
Lesson learned: Involve citizens in public consultations and decision?making processes for local and national/ EU regulations.
Lesson learned: Improve port reception facilities and services for processing over waste from ships
Lesson learned: Restructuring different mechanisms in order to prevent pollution and to apply polluter sanctions, to ensure the transparency of legislative processes.
Lesson learned: Engage stakeholders from different sectors of activity.
Lesson learned: Promote and develop responsible and sustainable tourism in a changing environment.
Lesson learned: Use rational the natural resources, with maximum economy.
Lesson learned: It's necessary a good collaboration and interaction between civil society, policy makers, researchers, business sector and citizens, in all the Black Sea coastal countries
Lesson learned: Learn from education, rather than experience, is necessary to avoid climate changes impact.
Lesson learned: Education is the most important aspect that can accelerate social change and climate change mitigation.
Lesson learned: Include marine/environmental education in school curricula.
Lesson learned: Create a path to open information on climate changes topic and related data
Lesson learned: Change unsustainable patterns of consumption and production, in order to reduce the amount of waste
Lesson learned: Develop campaigns for promoting sustainable fishing methods and techniques through protecting resources and other incentives/compensation
Lesson learned: Development of an educational platform for changing knowledge between public and private institutions
Lesson learned: Engage participants to apply RRI principles in daily work and daily life
Lesson learned: Choose a method which will produce a large amount of data on a topic in a short time.
Good Practice: Give all participants the opportunity to discuss and generate ideas.
Lesson learned: Try to obtain clear actions from people from different areas of interest, but targeting the common vision.
Good Practice: Present the topic approached from the beginning of the workshop.
Good Practice: Offer a clear explanation of the methodology used in order to be as clear as possible for the participants.
Good Practice: Allocate time for every participant to present his/her idea and to discuss it in plenum.
Lesson learned: Invite and encourage different stakeholders to participate at this kind of workshops.
Lesson learned: Developing a spatial plan specific to zoning of areas of offshore renewables.
Lesson learned: Have proactive public participation from stakeholders, in particular from government and industry.
Lesson learned: Develop a GIS information database.
Lesson learned: Develop a clear communications strategy.
Lesson learned: Encourage and promote marine involvement for all stakeholders.
Good Practice: Develop a stakeholder engagement plan.
Lesson learned: Attract private investments and develop national projects.
Lesson learned: Attract students into engineering courses.
Lesson learned: Build the appropriate infrastructure and technology for the Wave Energy Sector.
Lesson learned: Present the Mobilisation and Mutual Learning and RRI approach.
Lesson learned: Create the opportunity to network and discuss, in order to identify the key marine and societal challenges for the Wave Energy Sector.
Lesson learned: Involve all interested stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Recruit participants based on their interest, research, business or experience related to the workshop topic.
Lesson learned: Make a clear presentation of the debated issue and its current status.
Lesson learned: Stimulate and ensure open dialogue among the attendees.
Lesson learned: Increase the level of awareness of Marine Spatial Planning process and it's implication in coastal communities and for all stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Develop a clear understanding around Marine Spacial Planning (MSP) and what its implications are for all stakeholders groups including offshore wind.
Lesson learned: Open data for all interested stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Use of research and data sets to ensure that decisions are made to safeguard the interests of all stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Promote best practice cross sectorial stakeholder engagement processes through webinars.
Lesson learned: Use of different communications platforms/technologies to communicate with stakeholders and make data accessible.
Lesson learned: Use new communications channels and IT technologies as opportunities to engage with communities.
Lesson learned: Develop webinars for cross-sectorial stakeholder engagement.
Lesson learned: Plan the programme to encourage as much opportunity for interactions between participants.
Good Practice: Use methods that offer to the participants the opportunity to interact and to have open discussions.
Good Practice: Explain the participatory method used to the participants as clearly and in a shorter time.
Lesson learned: Offer an incentive for citizens in order to attract people to attend at the workshop.
Good Practice: Choose a familiar methodology for participants.
Good Practice: Plan the stakeholders carefully to ensure that the right people, stakeholder groups and organisations are in the room.
Lesson learned: Develop a national strategy for coastal management and coastal protection.
Good Practice: Implement a coherent national monitoring programme.
Lesson learned: Develop a coastal protection strategy that is fit for purpose by all stakeholders.
Good Practice: Apply a long-term and crosscutting strategic planning by defining SMART common vision and actions.
Lesson learned: Use of the outcomes of the national monitoring programme as part of a targeted national awareness raising campaign.
Lesson learned: Inform and educate wider society of the impacts, challenges and potential solutions for coastal protectio
Lesson learned: Assess / quantify the social, economic and environmental risk
Good Practice: Engage local communities in awareness raising event
Lesson learned: Find a topic which will attract different stakeholders.
Good Practice: Use a method that gives the opportunity to all participants to express their opinion.
Lesson learned: Find the best way to incorporate the multi-disciplinary element into the organisation of the workshop.
Lesson learned: Capture the content in a way that is more free-flowing which is later interpreted by the workshop team.
Lesson learned: Push governmental bodies for high-tier governance on local initiatives to have the biggest impact.
Lesson learned: Promote Sustainable Tourism policies to improve coastal and marine ecosystems, minimise pollution and create economic growth by combining efforts at national, regional and local levels and creating green funding schemes and incentives.
Lesson learned: Improve governance by defining a shared and common vision by involving citizens and business networks for clean and green industries.
Lesson learned: Enhance coastal and maritime tourism by adapting to demographic changes, while maintaining the original vocation and atmosphere of the coastal cities.
Good Practice: ''Moderate the workshop with an experienced facilitator to avoid ''''Groupthink'''' and the ''''Erroneous Priorities Effect''''.''
Lesson learned: Establish cooperation among diverse stakeholders (researchers, innovative businesses, politicians and citizens) even when it's challenging.
Lesson learned: Mobilise stakeholders early in the process to develop viable and sustainable business models.
Lesson learned: Make urban planning and tourism development collaborative and democratic by involving citizens and business in envisioning urban futures and resolve negative environmental impacts.
Lesson learned: Educate planners, civil society leaders, business industry to be more collaborative, responsible and exert place-based leadership.
Lesson learned: The SDD dialogue is a rigorous and efficient participatory methodology, but also time-consuming, leaving no time for the interpretation of the presented ideas in terms of their RRI dimensions by the participants during the workshop.
Lesson learned: Engage the public and involve governing bodies at various levels to generate ideas that are ethical, sustainable, inclusive and of social justice.
Lesson learned: Joined stakeholder involvement produces ideas with integrated and holistic focus based on synergy and collaboration.
Lesson learned: Develop efficient monitoring systems and assess the environmental impacts of best/worst policy practice.
Good Practice: Develop real-time information systems, training activities and incentives to share knowledge and information for avoiding tendencies of local governments and businesses to downplay negative consequences.
Good Practice: Organise carefully the workshop phases for successfully meeting the objectives and for engaging all participants.
Good Practice: Define a clear plan for the future engagement of the workshop's participants to keep the community active.
Lesson learned: Define a workshop triggering question that is short, clear and easily understood by all stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Ask participants' to state their workshop expectations because experience shows that some find the workshop and its participatory method intriguing, others were interested In how to develop a shared vision, some had an interest in being inspired and build networks.
Good Practice: Focus not only on high-level ideas, but also on required research and innovation actions needed to execute them.
Good Practice: Explain the challenge in an inclusive, strategic and broad manner for involving all types of participants.
Lesson learned: Focus on RRI issues by prompting participants to talk more about how researchers can be enrolled in all actions generated and how other stakeholders can be useful to researchers.
Good Practice: Develop a common vision and an action plan with a more narrow focus combining development milestones and follow-up workshops.
Good Practice: Follow-up with all participants and monitor results regularly and engage them in post-workshop knowledge sharing and networking through an online platform.
Lesson learned: Communicate broadly and raise wide awareness about the specific initiative to anchor change.
Good Practice: Organise regular follow-up workshops by involving more decision makers to anchor change.
Lesson learned: Consider personal e-mails as the recruitment mechanism because it has been proven by far the most effective recruitment mechanism.
Lesson learned: Collect participant's post-workshop feedback focusing on the added value workshop points: the participatory method, the topic, the action plan, the common vision, the future participation options.
Lesson learned: Define SMART common vision and actions towards a specific goal and project.
Good Practice: Ensure that funding will be secured for action plan execution and follow up actions.
Lesson learned: Identify and invite the right number of participants representing all necessary science fields to create a viable action plan. Participant recruiting is time-consuming and must be planned well in advance of the workshop.
Lesson learned: Raise the attractiveness of science studies by illustrating the application of science in societal issues.
Lesson learned: Encourage researchers to voice their opinions on marine issues in the media focusing on economic, environmental and social needs to enable the uptake of new technologies..
Lesson learned: Focus on environmental aspects through a multi-stakeholder approach to ensure stability and availability of resources.
Lesson learned: Push for adjust rules to allow open access to relevant sector research results.
Good Practice: Embed governance in legislation through accountability to ensure the sustainability and to address societal challenges.
Good Practice: Provide tax reductions or other benefits to businesses for massively applying environmental protection legislature and procedures and for making use of innovative technologies.
Good Practice: Define a clear triggering question highlighting the issue and goal to be addressed at the workshop.
Lesson learned: The reversed science cafe method motivates participants to express their opinions and views in a structured, inclusive, yet open manner.
Lesson learned: Participatory workshops provide good opportunities for better discovering developments and problems of the studied industry.
Good Practice: Involve the private sector, policymakers, the scientific community and the local and national community for the definition of ideas, needs and solutions.
Lesson learned: Raise awareness through education for developing/supporting new technologies for responsible maritime transport.
Lesson learned: Make marine issues visible and understandable to the public.
Good Practice: Governance should strive for active engagement of the key public and private stakeholder bodies for the development and impact on the societal challenge.
Lesson learned: Enable workshops participants to create networks and communities of interest to further research and identify solutions for the studied issue.
Lesson learned: Be aware that only about half of the participants are likely to use the knowledge gained at the workshop.
Lesson learned: Push participants to move beyond exchanging ideas and to start co-creating a vision.
Lesson learned: Engage participants via emails and phone calls, since it has been proven as the most effective means of recruitment.
Lesson learned: Be aware that it is challenging to persuade people to participate in workshops.
Lesson learned: Protect the deep sea from mining, create laws that impose that deep sea mining is a non-profit activity and concert the deep sea into world heritage site.
Lesson learned: Provide strong incentives to promote the circular economy
Lesson learned: Stakeholders are concerned that the authorities and the private companies will decide to advance with Deep Sea Mining without proper public consultation and without knowing sufficient about the deep sea.
Lesson learned: Identify motives for policy makers and implementers to participate in the workshops as they are reluctant in participating.
Lesson learned: The society believes that RRI will never be in full effect without strong political will.
Lesson learned: Disseminate information about opportunities, threats and risks on the studied topic.
Lesson learned: Follow-up on motivated participants of how that used the knowledge obtained in workshops for third private and professional projects.
Good Practice: Create decision-making processes that are participative, transparent and allow for public deliberation.
Lesson learned: Improve efficient communication, generate plural debates and disseminate reliable data and information to convert vision into reality.
Good Practice: Use the media and science mediators to make society aware about research and innovation results.
Lesson learned: Multidisciplinary research considers the sustainability vector is key.
Lesson learned: Create higher awareness on technological achievements from challenging and cutting edge successful projects to attract skilled people to work in the sector.
Lesson learned: Use both phone and email for citizen recruitment.
Lesson learned: Achieve success through multi-stakeholder engagement and consensus
Lesson learned: Establish transparent, efficient and effective democratic mechanisms amongst all involved and throughout all the phases to create trust
Lesson learned: Explain RRI and innovation tools and how to embed them in policy agendas as participants find it useful.
Lesson learned: Keep the workshop's duration short and engage an experienced facilitator.
Lesson learned: Create a friendly and relaxed workshop atmosphere for participants to have lively and open discussions.
Lesson learned: Involve politicians and municipality representatives in workshops to increase its effectiveness.
Lesson learned: Awareness and education are fundamental in changing mind-sets.
Lesson learned: Run awareness campaigns so that the issue problem is clearly understood by all stakeholders.
Good Practice: To measure success, define clear and achievable objectives.
Good Practice: Use diverse communication channels (e-mail, telephone, face-to-face and word of mouth) for recruiting participants.
Lesson learned: Email and telephone were the best communication channels for promoting the workshop.
Lesson learned: Be aware of the motivational factor that workshop participants may feel because they like the fact that an interdisciplinary group representing all society's niches is invited to brainstorming for resolving the problem.
Lesson learned: The SDD method was evaluated as very well structured, inclusive, productive, scientific, interesting and dynamic.
Lesson learned: Disseminate research and innovation outcomes that have societal relevance for ethical acceptability.
Lesson learned: Promote governance arrangements and practices to favour sustainable tourism and seafood consumption.
Lesson learned: Succeed with public engagement through science education and open access in policy.
Lesson learned: Involving customers ranked the most favourable cluster with specific actions including the adoption of the CSA (Community Supported Agriculture) business model.
Lesson learned: Educate the public at large in their individual role in marine conservation and sustainability (Public Engagement, Science Education).
Lesson learned: Educate all stakeholders about sustainable tourism sustainability to achieve socially and environmentally acceptable goods and services.
Lesson learned: Changing customer demand requires attractive and sustainable products that provide unique and customised experiences.
Lesson learned: Reliable scientific information is not easily accessible for sectorial actors.
Lesson learned: Open access, i.e. giving free online access to the results of publicly-funded research data will boost innovation and increase the use of scientific results by all societal actors.
Lesson learned: The absence of gender equality reveals a critical gap in access to opportunities and resources and decision-making power for women and men.
Lesson learned: Create a seafood producers organisation in France to reduce the gap between the producers and consumers.
Lesson learned: Focus on Science Education in sustainable development and marine resources management as a critical part of local culture and coastal tourism.
Lesson learned: The education of young people and the use of exchange programs between schools will lead to active citizenship respectful of the environment.
Lesson learned: Plan well the workshop so that participants provide their ideas in an active way.
Lesson learned: Allocate a good part of the workshop for creating a clear common action plan.
Lesson learned: Plan well the participant groups so that all stakeholders are sufficiently represented.
Lesson learned: Action and follow-up the co-defined action plan.
Lesson learned: Promote the workshop through websites and a poster campaigns.
Good Practice: Explain at the start of the workshop the different phases that participants will go through.
Lesson learned: Make scientific information reliable and easily accessible to citizens and stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Ethical issues are highly important in maintaining the sustainable operation of the vessels while safeguarding the environment.
Lesson learned: Raise awareness and embed RRI into educational curricula.
Lesson learned: Create procedures for an open access to data and data exchange, to allow for multiple feedbacks from end-users and policy-makers.
Lesson learned: Disseminate widely local and regional regulations and type approvals since the businesses often have significant knowledge gaps.
Lesson learned: Business stakeholders are mostly interested on the policy agendas.
Lesson learned: Be aware about the participants motivations to attend a workshop such as to learn from others participants.
Good Practice: Continue to engage the stakeholders for knowledge exchange after the workshop.
Good Practice: Make the workshops highly participatory and interactive.
Lesson learned: Facilitate fruitful discussions and widely disseminate conclusions to third parties.
Lesson learned: Push for multi-stakeholders' representation and input from all relevant actors.
Lesson learned: Science & Education and Open Access have a vital role in achieving success in the development of sustainable tourism ventures within Marine Protected Areas.
Lesson learned: Ensure the policies are socially inclusive and are widely known.
Lesson learned: Bring people and particularly the young on location where they can have transformative experiences that they will seek to relieve throughout their lives.
Lesson learned: ''Engage young potential ''''citizen scientists'''' in schools to promote the issue at hand.''
Lesson learned: The SDD method allows for integrating contributions from individuals with diverse views, backgrounds and perspectives through a process that is structured, inclusive and collaborative.
Lesson learned: Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) can help to overcome the current marine and societal challenges and unlock the potential for Blue Growth.
Lesson learned: There is a strong need for redefining and refocusing the business model of tourism.
Lesson learned: Each initiative on sustainable tourism products requires the right expertise (knowledge and skills) and institutional participatory processes that will support stakeholders' successful involvement.
Lesson learned: All relevant stakeholders need to be involved in the process of developing sustainable tourism ventures within Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
Good Practice: The ultimate aim should be to develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts and to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.
Lesson learned: ''Avoiding ''''Groupthink'''' and the ''''Erroneous Priorities Effect'''': taking measures for the protection of the authenticity of all ideas.''
Good Practice: Define the initiative's broad goals from a policy, social / cultural, economic, technological perspective
Lesson learned: Achieve positive engagement with all types of local stakeholders including relevant government agencies, local businesses, regulators, NGOs, CSOs, researchers and citizens.
Lesson learned: Use of technology as an instrument to both monitor the regulations and to disseminate data in near real-time.
Lesson learned: Consider the impacts of any activity before consenting which may require the deployments of monitoring technologies to facilitate monitoring and impact assessment.
Lesson learned: Build capacity through education by developing local and national programmes for secondary schools and outreach programmes through citizen projects utilising real-time data from monitoring equipment.
Lesson learned: Generate ideas for actions during the workshops by having: b) think who would be responsible for implementing the proposed action and how to engage the person or organisation.
Lesson learned: Generate ideas for actions during the workshops by having: c) timing (when could such an idea be implemented).
Lesson learned: Generate ideas for actions during the workshops by having: d) resources (how would the idea be implemented).
Lesson learned: Clarify from the start of any process or workshop all terms and acronyms so that all participants from various backgrounds understand them.
Lesson learned: Coordinate all activities related to policy, planning and regulation in the best possible way to reduce conflict and help meet environmental, economic and social objectives.
Lesson learned: Perform an analysis of publics' behaviours before engaging the public engagement.
Lesson learned: Use audience targeted communication for all types stakeholders to engage them.
Lesson learned: Explain clearly the workshop methodology and how the outputs will be used at the beginning of the workshop and include some warm-up activity.
Lesson learned: Try to engage volunteer groups/stakeholders who use the specific environment on a regular basis.
Lesson learned: Initiate open access through public offices also to non-governmental stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Push for governance and ethics to be required in business registration requirements for creating awareness on sustainability.
Lesson learned: Use citizen observatories through mobile phones to report pollution sites and inappropriate environmental behaviour.
Lesson learned: Raise citizen and business awareness about the environmental protection and sustainability.
Lesson learned: Educate citizens about the value of the sea in their daily lives is necessary to raise ocean awareness and literacy.
Lesson learned: Initiate target awareness campaigns towards all stakeholders through a specific media.
Lesson learned: A structured participatory method like SDD helps participants converge their opinions towards a common vision and a common action plan.
Good Practice: Advocate on the necessity of creating specific funding schemes to support the development of the targeted sector based on RRI principles.
Lesson learned: Provide Open Access to data for a proactive response to societal challenges.
Lesson learned: Develop information exchange systems between government, industry and the universities.
Good Practice: Increase environmental and science education to promote societal understanding and participation.
Good Practice: Take measures to develop and further enhance the engagement and cooperation between different stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Create platforms where industry and academic leaders can disseminate accurate and influential information which can be accessible by the general public.
Lesson learned: Engage researchers with the industry for the development of appropriate technologies since there is a discrepancy between the academia and the industry needs.
Lesson learned: Motivate to receive ahead of the workshop and on time the participants' action ideas and to attract participants from all stakeholders? groups.
Lesson learned: To develop a sector, develop a legal framework promoting and regulating its development.
Lesson learned: Be aware that policy-makers are not easy to engage unless they see a specific benefit that fits their agenda.
Good Practice: Create funding mechanisms to promote RRI in research and innovation in the innovative sectors.
Lesson learned: Education is necessary for the marine biotechnology development thus the need for developing university educational programmes on marine biotechnology.
Lesson learned: Raise awareness among pupils and students about environmental protection through informational programs as well as promote the specific sector as a means of employability.
Lesson learned: Push for cooperation among academic institutions and the industry, as it is crucial.
Good Practice: Create training programs targeting SMEs and investors by focusing on enablers and barriers.
Lesson learned: Start planning at least 4 months in advance the organisation of a workshop as it is very time consuming task.
Lesson learned: Carefully consider the workshop's duration as many participants think that a one day-long workshop is too long.
Lesson learned: Learn about participatory methods and how to use them.
Lesson learned: Help the participants with examples to understand how to embed RRI principles when discussing a sector and societal challenges.
Good Practice: During the recruitment phase, ensure the methodology has been clearly explained and understood, to avoid misunderstandings during the event.
Lesson learned: Choose well the workshop methodology to allow participants contribute to the discussion and to strengthen the links among them.
Lesson learned: Plan periodic meetings on the same topic, with old and new participants, to create ownership of the process, intensify the effort and ensure follow-up.
Good Practice: Check carefully the voting process of the actions, to avoid selfish or non correct behaviours which could distort the results.
Lesson learned: ''Ensure the comfort of the room (space around the tables, temperature, light etc.) to reduce the stress and fatigue of the participants and to improve the results. Provide some small ''''gift'''' or surprise them somehow, to create a friendly environment for the discussion.''
Lesson learned: Define a clear agenda and respect it, but do not hesitate to be flexible and modify the schedule to reach the final results.
Good Practice: Give the participants sufficient time to present themselves and their work/field of interest, in order to facilitate connection and co-operation after the workshop.
Lesson learned: The participants did not follow-up on the platform as they declared they were willing to do: there are too many platforms, they get lost or do not have time to explore another one.
Lesson learned: During the recruitment phase, ensure the methodology has been clearly explained and understood, to avoid misunderstanding during the event.
Lesson learned: Participants do not subscribe gladly to the platform, they don't have time and/or willingness to learn using another tool.
Lesson learned: Give tight bounds to participants about the shape of the contributions they have to provide, so they will not have other option than provide what is needed.
Lesson learned: Ensure that the process of co-generating an action plan is concluded during the workshop.
Good Practice: Translate workshop results in something short and friendly in short time and disseminate among the participants and others, not to loose momentum.
Lesson learned: During the recruitment phase, ensure the methodology has been clearly explained and understood, to avoid misunderstanding during the event
Lesson learned: While interpreting the results consider the location of the workshop: statistically most of the participants will come from the area where the workshop is held.
Lesson learned: Ensure you have some big institution's newsletter to disseminate your workshop for recruitment and spreading of the results.
Good Practice: Check carefully the voting process, to avoid selfish or improper behaviours, which could distort the results.
Lesson learned: Use new participatory methodologies to attract participants.
Good Practice: Promote a greater participation of general public in projects financed by European funds to help filling the gap between science and society.
Lesson learned: Take into consideration that despite participants' willingness to participate, often practical barriers impede their attendance in participative workshops.
Lesson learned: Consider having virtual discussions to help some stakeholder groups (e.g. citizens) to attend participatory workshops and events.
Lesson learned: Identify or create a unique Body entrusted with the control of a process to ensure coordination and synergy of all stakeholders involved.
Lesson learned: Ensure a ministerial umbrella to facilitate the educative process in school by scientists or scientific mediators
Lesson learned: Claim for an alignment between legislation and the changing scientific situation and technological innovations.
Lesson learned: Promote local communities and their traditions for societal relevance of the scientific outputs.
Lesson learned: Implement innovative and responsive policies to face climate change effects and assure a balanced competitiveness, growth and sustainability.
Lesson learned: Create innovative tools to guide the consumers, thus inducing public and private stakeholders (including NGOs) to invest in more sustainable directions.
Good Practice: Put in place a policy-oriented, holistic and integrated approach to tackle complex issues.
Lesson learned: Increase awareness in the youngest about the (local) marine issues to create a new generation of people that are aware of the problems and want to engage themselves, to take action also through a political career.
Good Practice: Empower citizens beyond data collection through involvement in decision-making and governance.
Lesson learned: Invest in communication campaign by professionals, work with marketing societies to translate the scientific results into clear messages that can reach in particular young people.
Lesson learned: Actively introduce Gender Equality into discussions and ideas, as most often is a non considered aspect.
Good Practice: Equip urban open areas for open debates where local communities can meet frequently in order to exercise the rights guaranteed by the Aarhus convention to develop sustainable decisions in a collective and legal manner.
Good Practice: Request the participants to state their ideas in the form of action statements in order to ?push? them to think in practical terms.
Good Practice: Focus the challenge with relevant examples for the participants and related to their daily lives.
Lesson learned: Provide free and easier access to the results of the studies.
Lesson learned: Translate in easy-to-understand messages research outputs and results for better dissemination. Consider using science mediators.
Lesson learned: Provide scientific education in all the scholar cycles: it is crucial.
Lesson learned: Choose the most effective methodology to build a common vision and give space to many different voices.
Lesson learned: Provide the participants with the legislative aspects related to the topic. If possible ensure the attendance of an expert.
Good Practice: Encourage scientific knowledge and professional growth that have fundamental roles in supporting innovative sectors.
Lesson learned: ''Put in place an effective communication about green washing, so to improve the critical sense of the public against ''''fake'''' green activities.''
Lesson learned: ''While interpreting the results consider that participants can have different information and data about the topic: the ''''reality'''' can be difficult to identify.''
Lesson learned: Start measuring and collecting marine scientific data on board different non-scientific vessels.
Lesson learned: Engage government and law makers in order to make sustainable change in ports and ship.
Lesson learned: Start specific economic changes (investment, taxation) to support the goal of efficient and sustainable activities.
Lesson learned: Consider that National and International organizations must balance economic profit and a competitive market with the goal of preserving the natural environment of our seas.
Lesson learned: Make ports hubs of sustainability.
Lesson learned: Increase the usage of alternative fuels for ships as for instance Liquefide Natura? Gas.
Lesson learned: Involve a multitude of stakeholders and implement actions as widely as possible, even globally, in order for adopted policies and solutions to be as relevant as possible, resulting in more support to implement the changes by all sides.
Lesson learned: Be flexible with the methodology adopted in order to finalize the process, even if not in the way you planned.
Lesson learned: Choose your methodology considering your audience.
Lesson learned: Dedicate the needed time to discuss and clarify the methodology and the agenda with the facilitator - and among the organizing group.
Lesson learned: Check the discussion and gently but firmly ask the participants not to lose focus on the final purpose, to speed up and keep up with the timing or not to go too deep or too specific.
Lesson learned: Prepare a concise information corpus for participants.
Lesson learned: Define the length of the workshop according with your foreseen audience and local habits.
Lesson learned: Develop information-based decision support tools, with automated intervention systems.
Lesson learned: Consider societal challenges (as defined by the EC) during the participative events, in order for the results to be easily related to them.
Lesson learned: Ask the participants to obtain in advance the necessary authorization from the Institutions they represent, to propose actions during the workshop.
Lesson learned: Involve students when possible.
Lesson learned: One day is not enough for SDD.
Lesson learned: Stream only the most crucial sections of the workshop, disseminate the streaming agenda.
Lesson learned: Improve regulations and legislations about the release of bacteria at sea.
Lesson learned: Consider the best way of collecting votes for the purpose such as the number of votes available for each participant, the rounds of votes, etc.
Lesson learned: Provide a synthetic, max 5 pages, info pack about the topic before the workshop.
Lesson learned: During the recruitment phase, ensure the methodology has been clearly explained and understood, to avoid misunderstanding during the event.
Lesson learned: Enhance control mechanisms of research and innovation outputs, according to ethical rules.
Lesson learned: Improving education/training.
Lesson learned: Improve legislation to deal with climate change and coastal errosion.
Lesson learned: Explore the questions that are relevant to the real-life concerns of the group.
Lesson learned: Send an official invitation letter signed by the director/president of the institute organizing the workshop to facilitate the recruitment.
Lesson learned: Apply different participatory methods during the event to maintain a high level of attention.
Lesson learned: Claim for an international coordination to identify the possible impacts of innovations.
Lesson learned: Inform in a wider manner all societal actors about the issue.
Lesson learned: Use your participatory event as a flywheel to organize other similar events.
Good Practice: Increase the impact of projects' results thanks to open access.
Good Practice: 'Push for the adoption of common processes for accessibility of results of European projects that would allow a comparison of results through time and creation of broader synergies among past and present projects.''
Good Practice: Plan an in-depth and varied engagement with stakeholders at all stages of the projects.
Good Practice: Adapt the presentation of projects information to the specific needs of respective stakeholders groups.
Good Practice: Consider the RRI principles as guidelines to construct the project processes for a sound management of the projects.
Good Practice: Construct a good collaboration among project partners from the beginning of the project to its legacy to ensure a wider take-up of the results by all partners.
Good Practice: Consider carefully legislation and cultural differences between project participants in the discussion prior to the project proposal to avoid possible understanding of feasability barriers.
Good Practice: Put in place effective pathways for communicating policy recommandations to EU and to national bodies as part of the global process of the project.
Good Practice: Be aware that the knowledge transfer to other sectors and general public is a great challenge faced by partners of european projects.
Good Practice: Involve some stakeholders in the creation or validation of the scientific processes to improve theur acceptance of the final results, even if it can be seen as a time-consuming process.
Lesson learned: 'The greater majority of actions relate to more than one RRI dimension; this shows that actions are multidisciplinary and involve multiple stakeholders.
Lesson learned: Generate ideas for actions during the workshops by having: a) simple, short title; one line describing the idea and one-two lines (minimum) explaining and clarifying the idea.